4 edition of Plant Gene Silencing found in the catalog.
September 30, 2000
Written in English
|Contributions||M.A. Matzke (Editor), A.J.M. Matzke (Editor)|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||308|
Gene silencing can be obtained by host-induced gene (Avra10), that results in limited fungal disease attach in wheat (Triticum aestivumHordeum) and barley (vulgare) through a transient gene expression resistant to RNAi because of silent point mutations. This sug-gests that the transfer of RNA from host plant to. Gene silencing is a technique that aims to reduce or eliminate the production of a protein from it’s corresponding gene. It generally describe the “switching off” of a gene by a mechanism other than genetic modification. That is, a gene which would be expressed (“turned on”) under normal circumstances is switched off by machinery in.
Silencing of Fungal Glucanosyltransferase Genes. Two RNAi constructs reducing haustorium formation were derived from the EST clones HO15J13 and HO11N21 (Kunne et al., ) and target mRNAs with similarity to 1,3-β-glucanosyltransferase (GTF1 and GTF2).The occurrence of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored GTF proteins appears to be restricted to Cited by: Homology Dependent Gene Silencing. A major breakthrough in understanding epigenetic silencing in transgenic plants was first identified in transgenic tobacco, where interaction between two homologous promoters led to DNA methylation and silencing (Matzke et al., ).Two types of HDGS are known based on the stage at which it occurs, called transcriptional gene Cited by:
In general, gene silencing has proven fruitful with both sense- and antisense transgenes in plant cells [67,68]. An RNA molecule that contains a fragment of a sense strand, an antisense strand and a short loop sequence between the fragment making a tight hairpin turn is termed as short hairpin RNA (shRNA) which has the ability to suppress the Cited by: 2. Using the plant Arabidopsis as a model system, Pikaard's lab is focusing on two intriguing processes: selective ribosomal RNA gene silencing and RNA-directed DNA methylation. These studies involve multiple approaches, including genetics, genomics, cell biology, molecular biology and biochemistry.
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In addition to these review chapters, this book includes methodology for virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) in various different plant species, understanding plant stress responses using VIGS, miRNA identification, DNA interference, host-induced gene silencing, use of artificial miRNAs for gene silencing, high throughput RNAi, and more.
Plant gene silencing is a fascinating biological subject with enormous potential and this is the first book to bring those aspects together.\/span>\"@ en\/a> ; \u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\n schema:description\/a> \" Diversity of RNA silencing pathways in plants \/ by Emilie Elvira-Matelot, \u00C1ngel Emilio Mart\u00EDnez de Alba and Herv\u00E9 Vaucheret.
Plant gene silencing is a crucially important phenomenon in gene expression and epigenetics. This book describes the way small RNA is produced and acts to silence genes, its likely origins in defence against viruses, and also its potential to improve plants.
Plant gene silencing can be used to improve industrial traits, make plants more nutritious. Antisense Mediated Gene Silencing. Expression of antisense RNA from integrated transgenes was the first, and until recently the most widespread, method of initiating PTGS in plants.
8 Antisense constructs, usually consisting of an inverted gene coding sequence driven by a strong constitutive promoter, are moderately efficient inducers of PTGS, with ˜5–20% of transformed Cited by: 3. Plant Gene Silencing: Mechanisms and Applications (Plant Science / Horticulture) by Tamas Dalmay (Editor) ISBN ISBN Why is ISBN important.
ISBN. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the Format: Hardcover. In addition to these review chapters, this book includes methodology for virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) in various different plant species, understanding plant stress responses using VIGS, miRNA identification, DNA interference, host-induced gene silencing, use of artificial miRNAs for gene silencing, high throughput RNAi, and : Paperback.
This book is an up-to-date and comprehensive collection of reviews on various aspects of epigenetic gene silencing in plants. Research on this topic has undergone explosive growth during the past decade and has revealed novel features of gene regulation and plant defense responses that also apply to animals and fungi.
Open Library is an open, editable library catalog, building towards a web page for every book ever published. Plant Gene Silencing by M.A. Matzke, A.J.M. Matzke,M a Matzke, Springer edition, paperback. Mutating two major components of the RNA-silencing machinery in a cer16 genetic background restored CER3 transcript levels to wild-type levels, with the stems restored to wild-type glaucousness.
We suggest that CER16 deficiency induces post-transcriptional gene silencing of both endogenous and exogenous expression of : Xianpeng Yang, Tao Feng, Shipeng Li, Huayan Zhao, Shuangshuang Zhao, Changle Ma, Matthew A.
Jenks, S. This book is an up-to-date and comprehensive collection of reviews on various aspects of epigenetic gene silencing in plants. The book is geared toward advanced students of genetics and plant sciences as well as applied and basic research scientists who work with transgenic organisms and epigenetic regulation of gene expression.
Application of RNA silencing to plant disease resistance Article (PDF Available) in Silence 3(1):5 May with 1, Reads How we measure 'reads'.
The RNA silencing process is also called co-suppression or post-transcriptional gene silencing in the context of plant- and plant virus-related silencing events, quelling in fungi and RNA interference in vertebrates and invertebrates (Table ). The underlying mechanisms are broadly based on similar principles in which comparable signalling.
Throughout the past 11 years, a wide range of gene silencing phenomena in plants have been revealed by extensive studies on transgene expression (for review, see 4).
Silencing can be transcriptional (transcriptional gene silencing [TGS]) or posttranscriptional (posttranscriptional gene silencing [PTGS]).Cited by: Gene silencing technology, such as RNA interference (RNAi), is commonly used to reduce gene expression in plant cells, and exogenous double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) can induce gene silencing in higher.
H.D. Jones, M. Cannell, in Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences, Gene Silencing. Gene silencing is a mechanism that downregulates or degrades specific genes and can propagate this effect to homologous sequences.
It was once thought to be a quirk of the transformation process but it is now recognized as part of the plant's innate gene regulatory mechanisms. This process is what is known as gene silencing.
"When a seed is created, a great number of its genes are silenced until the plant is adult and. This book describes both the theory of gene silencing and also the application.
The first five chapters discuss different aspects of the gene silencing mechanism. Since the silencing pathways are particularly diverse in plants, a whole chapter is dedicated to describe these (chapter 1). Gene silencing is the regulation of gene expression in a cell to prevent the expression of a certain gene.
Gene silencing can occur during either transcription or translation and is often used in research. In particular, methods used to silence genes are being increasingly used to produce therapeutics to combat cancer and other diseases, such as infectious diseases and.
Highly Specific Gene Silencing by Artificial MicroRNAs in Arabidopsis Rebecca Schwab, Stephan Ossowski, Markus Riester, Norman Warthmann, Detlef Weigel The Plant Cell May18 (5) ; DOI: /tpcCited by: Dr.
Xiuren Zhang @ Off. Phone number: () Postdocs: Dr. Zeyang Ma [email protected] I combine multiple "omics" approaches to understand the interplay between the transcriptional and post-transcriptional gene silencing pathways. There are at least three RNA silencing pathways for silencing specific genes in plants.
In these pathways, silencing signals can be amplified and transmitted between cells, and may even be self Cited by: Plant gene silencing is a crucially important phenomenon in gene expression and epigenetics. This book describes the way small RNA is produced and acts to silence genes, its likely origins in defense against viruses, and its potential to improve : Tamas Dalmay.RNA interference (RNAi) is a biological process in which RNA molecules inhibit gene expression or translation, by neutralizing targeted mRNA molecules.
Historically, RNAi was known by other names, including co-suppression, post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS), and detailed study of each of these seemingly different processes elucidated that the identity of .